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what is #Storyboard | What its uses | Why it is necessary in production Process?

    Photo and drawing credit: Kebikun

Before going briefly I want to tell you very short definition of Storyboard so Storyboard is a process of producing sketches of shots of the script and the end result will look like a comic book but without the speech bubbles.
The storyboard helps to finalize the development of the story line and is an essential stage of the animation process Building the storyboard is an integral part of putting together an animated feature. The process provides not only a visual interpretation of the script; it also allows designers in each department to get a feel for what is being presented on screen. In other words Storyboard are a timeline of events from top to bottom order.
Creating the visual story composed of consecutive story sketch panels that depict the action and staging
of the film’s script is the first step in the animation production process. Twenty or more departments, converting them into a final full color film, will build upon the concepts and timing initiated here. The storyboard is the basic game plan, the vision of continuity that will drive the entire production.
Storyboarding involves working from a film script to set a story down in picture or illustration form rather
like a comic book without the speech bubbles. The storyboard functions as the blueprint of an animated picture. The following is a breakdown of the story-sketch artist’s set up, and the thought and drawing processes involved.

Let me tell you that how you can make a storyboard from your own Ideas... You will needs some equipments like
1.Pencils (6B,4B,and extra dark)
2.Erasers: Plastic or kneaded soft eraser: the plastic for getting rid of drawings completely, the soft for lightening lines.
3.Sharpener: you will need sharp Pencils wherever necessary
4.Paper (you can make your own bye lining the page but there are so many ratios are there and you have to think of them or you can download them the ratios are
* Standard Ratio: (4 : 3)
* Standard Ratio with space for overhead plans.
* Wide Screen (16 : 9)

or you can visit PRINTABLE PAPER

5.Field Guide: (not quite necessary if you have measured one) Story sketches are drawn to a standard
6.field size: Size will be (5.5x 10.25_ This is traced down on the paper and represents the screen edge all around. Significant details will occasionally be drawn outside this cutoff since all production artwork is finished out to the edge of the paper. Wide screen projects will have altered field sizes and measurements.
7.Xerox Machine with Variable Size Capability: It is frequently necessary to enlarge or reduce artwork to specific sizes, both to save time and for cutting purposes. Final approved boards are then enlarged or reduced to proper production size.
8.Light Box: not necessary but in some places its good to have

9.Push Pins: To pin up sketches
10.Model Sheets and Reference as needed.
11.Overhead Light.
but one thing is very important that how you see any objects and you will need to have proper knowledge of Camera projection. It is also important to keep your work area neat and easily accessible. Keep the desk functional and as uncluttered as possible. Reference material should be pinned up or displayed for use as you draw.

The Story Board:

A smooth visual flow is the major objective in any film, especially if it is an animated one. To be a proper storyboard artist you have to develop your drawing skills and the common drawings should be align with previous one and to maintain the Good continuity depends on coordinating the action of the character, choreography, scene changes and camera movement. All these different aspects cannot be considered in isolation. They must work together to put across a story point. Further more the right emphasis on such planning, and the direction of the director is very necessary for every shot because he will be directing everything and its good to have a directional mind so that without anyones help you can produce better sketches and shots for the story including the behavior of the character, must also be realized. The storyboard should serve as a blueprint for any film project and as the first visual impression of the film. It is at this stage that the major decisions are taken as far as the film’s content is concerned. It is generally accepted that no production should proceed until a satisfactory storyboard is achieved and most of the creative and technical problems that may arise during the film’s production have been considered

Storyboard have no rules at all and it has no value in the production process, it is just an assumption and a small definition for some people in the production process.There is no strict rule, how
many sketches are required for a film. It depends on the type, character and content of the project.
When developing the storyboards, careful attention was paid to budgetary and creative constraints
designated by the client. Any solutions that allowed for greater efficiency and better use of the budget without hurting the quality of product were worked into the storyboard, while constantly aiming for increased action and overall coolness. The storyboard process was critical, as it would fine tune the story and serve as a point of reference throughout production. Major corrections and story changes took place during this phase of the project to avoid making them during vital parts of production down the road. Once the storyboards had been approved, they were scanned and taken into Some different softwares and mind that there are thousands of softwares used in different production houses so you will need to have knowledges of more that 3 softwares like Final Cut pro, Photoshop, Abode Premier and so on to be edited into a 2D animatic.

Whether from an original concept or by buying rights to a book, a story must be developed to fit the proposed duration of the movie.When a story is proposed the storyboard artist needs to have a great outer and Inner vision so that he could imagine the story with his viewpoint and so that you could give a better feedback on that story that it should look like this and the director will get some Ideas. This in turn will be refined into a storyboard. A storyboard shows sketches of the envisaged movie, each of which represents perhaps 4-5 seconds of action, with the dialogue shown against each picture. A shooting script and a timing chart are also normally produced. Model sheets are also prepared. These show the major characters in different poses, from various angles and with a variety of expressions. They will also show the coloring to be used. In effect, the model sheet is the nearest an animator usually has to a sculpture of the character. The model sheet is used to fix in the animator’s mind how the character moves and what it looks like. This completes the design phase.
In storyboard an artist has to describe so many factors in the shot with very short description about the shot.
Animatic: Aniamtic which we called as leica test so Leica test a somewhat dated term is used for the first attempt to put together a film of the required length. As there is no animation available yet, it is filmed from stills corresponding to the storyboard, but each still is held for as long as the corresponding sequence will take. A soundtrack will be added because the animators will work from the timing of the sound, especially for dialogue but also for overall pace. The result gives an impression of the movie. Weaknesses can be spotted and a re-design can take place to rectify them.


In this two drawings we can guess that this to are not storyboard because there is no detail of camera angle,camera movement and some extra features in the film so I want to tell you that animatic is an assumption for the whole movie that how the movie will run and how it will look.
Drawing: Drawing as we all know that produce the drawings for each cell in each frame. These are line drawings, not colored, and were originally prepared on something which resembles tracing paper
with accurately-located holes for mechanical alignment. In the computer environment a similar but more accurate process happens. This is done in three phases. Firstly the extreme drawings are produced (key frames). These show the major features of the action and are drawn by the main animator. Next the computer creates the in-between frames, these then need careful checking and the
motion between the key frames is adjusted to generate the desired movement. Key frames and tween frames can be quite rough, with lots of experimental over-drawing, and will usually have to go through a clean-up stage.

Conclusion: So with this stage storyboard is very necessary for the production process not only 2D it is applicable for every animation industries.

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